The macaws, from the Psittacidae family, are attractive birds with beautiful plumage. Only a few species exhibit sexual dimorphism.
They are often found in pairs or in noisy flocks flying in the jungle canopy. They make daily flights between their nests and their feeding areas. This causes them to follow the flowering and fruition cycles and to visit plantations and fields. The pairs are stable and always fly close to their nests during breeding season.
They nest in the holes of palm trees, such as the abandoned holes of woodpeckers. The nest is used for one year. If the birds cannot find old palms or holes in the palms, they simply will not reproduce.
According to biological studies, the loss of a species of parrots generates a chain of destruction in flora and fauna.
Various species are capable of imitating human speech and are easy to care for in captivity. This, along with their plumage and personality, makes them popular as pets. As a consequence, there has become an intense and uncontrolled illegal market, which, in combination with deforestation of the palm trees, has culminated in the destruction of their habitat. This has caused the extinction and endangerment of some species.
Studies show that 9 species and 8 breeds have become extinct since 1600.
There are 332 species of macaws in the world, 120 of which are found in South America, with 52 species in Peru.